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Eight major tasks and four new policies by 2025, a new direction for agricultural development

Issuing time:2019-04-30 09:20

A few days ago, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Construction and Development of Agricultural High-tech Industry Demonstration Zones" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"), and promoted the upgrading of agricultural science and technology parks and the development of agricultural high-tech industrial demonstration zones.


The "Opinions" propose that the main objectives of the construction and development of the agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zone are:


By 2025, a number of national agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zones will be set up to create a modern agricultural innovation highland, talent highland and industrial highland with international influence. Exploring the path of agricultural innovation-driven development, significantly increasing the land output rate, labor productivity and green development level of the demonstration area. Adhere to the theme of one district and one, rely on scientific and technological innovation, focus on solving outstanding problems that restrict China's agricultural development, form a model that can be replicated and promoted, and improve the level of sustainable development of agriculture.


The "Opinions" put forward eight key tasks of the construction and development of agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zones.


I. Cultivate innovative subjects and cultivate a number of agricultural innovative enterprises with large R&D investment, high technical level and comprehensive benefits.


Second, strengthen the leading industries, increase the research and development of high-tech, and promote the application of technology, and strive to improve the level of technological innovation in leading industries.


Third, gather resources for science and education, and guide the scientific and technological resources and talents of institutions of higher learning and research institutes to gather in the demonstration area.


Fourth, train professional farmers, improve farmers' vocational skills, and optimize the structure of agricultural practitioners.


Fifth, promote integration and sharing, promote the integration and development of the first, second and third industries, and promote the integration of urban and rural development.


6. Promote green development, develop circular ecological agriculture, and promote the efficient use of agricultural resources.


7. Strengthen information services, promote the comprehensive integration of information technology and agriculture and rural areas, and develop smart agriculture.


8. Strengthen international cooperation, combine the construction of “Belt and Road” and “going out” of agriculture, and make overall use of the two markets and two resources at home and abroad.


development plan


——The layout of the park is more optimized. The number of state-level agricultural science and technology parks has reached 300, which has driven the development of provincial-level parks to 3,000, covering basically the main agricultural function type areas and advantageous agricultural product industrial belts in China.


——The ability to transfer and transform the results of the park has been continuously enhanced. Accumulatively promoted the application of 4,000 new agricultural technologies, more than 6,000 new varieties, and authorized invention patents in more than 1,000


——The concentration of high-tech industries in the park has been greatly improved. Cultivate 20 parks with an output value of over 10 billion yuan, 30 output values of over 5 billion, 3,000 agricultural high-tech enterprises, and 10,000 demonstration bases for agricultural technology achievements.


——The public innovation of the public in the park has achieved remarkable results. The park has created a total of 500 “Xing Chuang Tian Di”, and innovative and entrepreneurial activities have continued to emerge, and the atmosphere of innovation and entrepreneurship has become more intense.


——The ability of the park to drive off poverty is greatly improved. A total of more than 10 million farmers have been trained to drive the income of surrounding farmers to increase by more than 20%, and the park has become an important carrier for science and technology poverty alleviation and precision poverty alleviation.


By 2025, the park will be built into an innovative highland for the cultivation and transfer of agricultural scientific and technological achievements, the core carrier of agricultural high-tech industries and its service industry, an important position for rural mass entrepreneurship and innovation, and the integration of urban and rural development and rural integration. Demonstration of reform.


Policy Support


What specific policies do the state support for the construction of agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zones?


I. Financial support policy


The central government will support the construction of public service platforms, the incubation of agricultural high-tech enterprises, and the transfer of results through the existing funds and policy channels to promote the development of agricultural high-tech industries. All localities should coordinate and support the relevant funds for agricultural science and technology research and development in accordance with regulations and gather in the demonstration area to adopt various forms to support the development of agricultural high-tech industries.


Second, innovative financial support policies


Comprehensively adopt various ways to guide social capital and local governments to set up modern agricultural sector venture capital funds under the current policy framework, and support the transformation of agricultural science and technology achievements in demonstration areas. Policy banks, development financial institutions and commercial financial institutions are encouraged to provide credit support for eligible demonstration zone construction projects and agricultural high-tech enterprises based on their functional orientation and business scope. Guide various types of capital such as venture capital and insurance funds to provide support for qualified agricultural high-tech enterprises.


Third, implement land use policy


Adhere to the lawful land supply, prohibit real estate development in the demonstration area, and rationally, intensively and efficiently use land resources. In the annual land use plan, priority should be given to agricultural high-tech enterprises and industrial development land, and “planning and construction land” and “scientific research and demonstration agricultural land” should be clarified.


Fourth, optimize technology management policies


On the basis of implementing existing policies such as support policies for national high-tech industrial development zones and preferential tax policies for high-tech enterprises, we will further optimize science and technology management policies and promote the innovation capabilities of agricultural enterprises. Improve the evaluation system of scientific and technological achievements and the incentive mechanism for agricultural science and technology personnel.


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